Cannot restart the Atlassian Confluence service on Windows

When the Atlassian Confluence wiki is installed on a Windows server, it frequently becomes unavailable. Sometimes it is possible to restart the Atlassian Confluence Windows service, but most of the time the Stop phase times out with:

Windows could not stop the Atlassian Confluence service on Local Computer.
Error 1053: The service did not respond to the start or control request in a timely fashion.

To make Atlassian Confluence work again

  1. Open Task Manager,
  2. End the tomcat…exe process,
  3. Start the Atlassian Confluence Windows service.

The FastCGI process exited unexpectedly

When you install WordPress on a Windows machine you may get the following error message:

HTTP Error 500.0 - Internal Server Error
C:\Program Files (x86)\PHP\v5.5\php-cgi.exe - The FastCGI process exited unexpectedly

Detailed Error Information:
Module
 FastCgiModule
Notification
 ExecuteRequestHandler
Handler
 PHP55_via_FastCGI1
Error Code
 0x000000ff

The error message is misleading. If you open the Application events in the Event Viewer you may find the following

Faulting application name: php-cgi.exe, version: 5.5.38.0, time stamp: 0x578fc02c
Faulting module name: MSVCR110.dll, version: 6.3.9600.18233, time stamp: 0x56bb4e1d
Exception code: 0xc0000135
Fault offset: 0x0009d3c2
Faulting process id: 0xcec
Faulting application start time: 0x01d24603ad650d40
Faulting application path: C:\Program Files (x86)\PHP\v5.5\php-cgi.exe
Faulting module path: MSVCR110.dll

The key is the MSVCR110.dll

This DLL is part of the Visual C++ Redistributable for Visual Studio 2012 Update 4. Download the 32 bit version, even if you have a 64 bit operating system, from http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=30679

After the installation WordPress will start to work without reboot.

 

How to add sample programming code to a post or page in WordPress

Double quotes

When you write a post or create a page you may want to add sample program snippets to it. If your code contains double quotes (“) the WordPress page will display different characters for the opening and closing quotes, like in this   “example”.

Unfortunately these characters differ from the quotes you use for programming, so if someone pastes the sample code into a code editor the compiler will not understand them.

To force WordPress to display your lines as those were intended

  • Paste the sample code into the article in Visual mode
  • Switch to Text mode and place <code> and </code> tags around the code snippet

 HTML or XML

When you insert HTML or XML code into you page make sure you keep the order described above. The visual editor will convert the < and > characters to &lt; and &gt;, so the WordPress engine will not interpret your sample code as part of the HTML of the page.

If you enter the following in Text mode

<code>
<html>Text</html>
</code>

WordPress will remove your < and > characters and the page will display

Text

How to modify a WordPress theme

There are two ways to modify a WordPress theme: the fast way and the smart way.

The fastest way is to edit the files of the theme by selecting the files with the “Appearance”, “Editor” menu option. The drawback is that when the theme is updated your customizations will be wiped out. The update process will overwrite the files you changed, so all of your changes will disappear.

A better way of modifying a theme is to create a “child theme”. This has two advantages:

  1. By creating a child theme you maintain the changed files in a separate theme (the child theme) so when you update the original (parent) theme your customization is not affected.
  2. You keep a separate copy of your changes in the child theme, so you can always easily find your modifications without reading through the theme files. You will only maintain the changed lines from the style.css file and your functions.php file will only include your custom functions. Your images folder will only contain your image files.

 

In this tutorial we will create a child theme for the Simplify theme

  • Use your favorite FTP application (mine is FileZilla) and create a folder for the child theme in the wp-content/themes folder
    • Right click the “themes” folder and select “Create directory”

filezilla create directory

 

  • Enter the name of the folder of the child theme

filezilla create directory name

 

  • Double click the new folder name to open it

filezilla navigate to directory

 

Right click the empty area of the directory listing and select “Create new file”

filezilla new file

 

Enter style.css as the file name and click OK

filezilla new file name

 

  • Log into your site as administrator,
  • Navigate to the Theme Editor,

wordpress appearance editor select

 

  • In the upper right corner select the child theme and click the Select button

wordpress theme editor select theme

 

  • In the upper right corner click the “Stylesheet” to open the style.css file

wordpress theme editor select styles file

 

Copy the following to the editor window.

  • Enter the name of the new child theme to the “Theme Name” line
  • Replace “simplify” with the name of the original theme folder.

 

/*
Theme Name:     Simplify Child
Theme URI:      http://example.com/
Description:    Child theme for the Simplify theme 
Author:         Your name here
Author URI:     http://example.com/about/
Template:       simplify
Version:        0.1.0
*/
@import url("../simplify/style.css");

 

  • Click the “Update File” button to save your changes

wordpress theme editor update file

 

Select and activate the new child theme

  • On the left side select “Appearance” , “Themes”

wordpress themes select

 

  • On the theme list click the empty image of the new child theme you just created

wordpress themes select child theme

 

  • Click the “Save & Activate” button to activate the child theme

wordpress theme activate

 

 

 

For more information see:

http://codex.wordpress.org/Child_Themes

Date specific header image in the Witcher World WordPress theme

Have you ever wanted to display specific images on certain dates in the header of your WordPress page like Google does?

If you want to automatically set the header image based on the date there is an easy way to do it. This way you can display a prepared image on certain dates like Independence Day, your birthday, or as in this example on the International Women’s Day, March 8th.

In the original Witcher World WordPress theme there are two ways to display header images: one selected image or a random image from multiple uploaded header images.

If you have access to your site via FTP and are not afraid of changing some PHP script in your Witcher World WordPress theme follow the simple steps below:

  • Upload a 988 pixel wide and 300 pixel high image to the “images” folder of the your Witcher World WordPress theme
    • Name the image “header_womens_day.jpg” (without the quotes)

wordpress witcherworld images folder

 

  • Log into your WordPress site as an administrator,
  • On the left side click “Appearance” and “Editor”,

wordpress appearance editor select

 

  • On the right side select “Header”,

wordpress theme header edit select

 

  • In the editor find the following line. That sets the header image of the theme.

<div id=”header”<?php if(get_header_image() != “”) echo ” style=’background-image: url(“.get_header_image().”);'”; ?>>

 

  • Replace it with the following script:

<div id=”header”
<?php
$today = date(“m-d”);
$templatedir = get_template_directory_uri();
$background_image_url = “”;
if ( “03-08″ == $today ) {
// Women’s day
$background_image_url = $templatedir.”/images/header_womens_day.jpg”;
} elseif (get_header_image() != “”) {
$background_image_url = get_header_image();
}
echo ” style=’background-image: url(“.$background_image_url.”);'”;
?>
>

 

  • At the bottom of the page click the “Update File” button

wordpress theme edit update file button

 

On every March 8th the “header_womens_day.jpg” image will be your header image. The  date(“m-d”) function returns the month and day in the  UTC time zone, so you will only see the change when it is March 8th in London (8 hours ahead of Los Angeles).

 

Where are the uploaded images stored in WordPress?

When you upload an image for a page or a post WordPress stores the image at the following location:

wp-content\uploads\YEAR\MONTH

where YEAR and MONTH are the year and month of the upload date.

wordpress image upload location

WordPress creates a new folder every month to reduce the number of files per folder. This way you can find your files easier and the server can also find the files faster, because it can work with a smaller list of directory entries.

How can I remove an image from the Uploaded Images list in WordPress?

When you upload an image as a theme header images the image will be stored in the Media library.

WordPress Theme Header Wrong Images

If you upload multiple header images and you want to remove some of them

  • Log into your WordPress site as an administrator,
  • On the left side select “Library” in the Media menu,

WordPress Media Library Select

  • Click the “Delete permanently” link next to the unwanted image

WordPress Media Library Delete

  • Click “OK” to confirm the deletion of the file.

WordPress Media Library Delete Confirm

How can I create a custom header image for the Witcher World theme in WordPress?

The Witcher World is a great theme and it is very easy to customize it. The original header image is beautiful, but if you want to display your custom header image you have to take some simple image editing steps to make sure it looks as good as the original.

The original image contains the left and right borders of the header, so if you add your image you have to add those to your custom image.

Create the custom header image

Click the image below to open the header image template with transparent areas for your custom image in a new tab of your web browser. On the new tab right click the image and select “Save image as…” (“Save picture as…” in Internet Explorer) and save the image to your computer. When it is done close  the new tab to return to this page.

Witcher World header transparent template

 

Select a picture on your computer that you want to use as the header image. The following steps show how to do it in Colrel Paintshop Pro XI. All other graphics editor programs should have similar feature to do the same.

  • To resize the image to 988 pixel wide select “Resize” in the Image menu

Paint Shop Pro Resize Select

  • Set the width to 988 pixels and check the “Lock aspect rato” to set the height automatically and avoid distortion, and click OK,

Paint Shop Pro Resize

  • In the View menu select “Zoom to 100%” to see the larger view of the image,

Paint Shop Pro Zoom To 100%

  • To crop the image to 988 wide  and 300 high on the left side select the crop icon and in the header enter 988 pixel width and 300 pixel height,

Paint Shop Pro Crop Select

  • Move the crop rectangle to the desired place and click the “Apply” button on the header,

Paint Shop Pro Crop

  • Set the background color to blue to enable the transparency during the paste of the template,

Paint Shop Pro Background Color Is Blue

  • Double click the background color indicator,

 Paint Shop Pro Background Color Select

    • Click the blue color and click OK,

Paint Shop Pro Background Color Blue

  • Open the Witcher_World_header_transparent_template.png in the same application,
  • In the Selections menu click “Select All”

PaintShopPro_SelectAll

  • In the Edit menu click “Copy”,

PaintShopPro_Copy

  • Switch to the cropped image by selecting the file in the Window menu,

Paint Shop Pro Window Menu

  • Paste the Witcher_World_header_transparent_template.png on top of it as a “Transparent selection” exactly on top of your cropped image,

Paint Shop Pro Paste Transparent Selection

  • Save the new composite image on your computer. Click Yes to allow Paint Shop Pro to merge the parts of the image.

PaintShopPro_SaveMerge

Upload the custom header image

  • Log into your WordPress site as administrator,
  • On the left side select “Appearance,” and “Header”,

WordPress Theme Header Change Select

  • On the middle pane in the Select Image section select “Choose File” under Choose an image from your computer,

WordPress_ThemeHeaderChangeChooseFile

  • Select the new file and click the Open button,

WordPress Theme Header Change Browse File

  • Click the “Upload” button on the page,

WordPress Theme Header Change Upload File

  • You can upload multiple images and select  “Random: Show a different image on each page” in the Uploaded Images section to display a different image at every page load.

WordPress Theme Header Change Random

  • Click the “Save Changes” button at the bottom of the page.

WordPress Theme Header Change Save Changes