Refresh the environment variables in the Windows Command Prompt and PowerShell window

When the Windows Command Prompt and PowerShell windows open, they read the environment variables from the registry. If another process changes the value of an environment variable or creates a new one, the already open windows don’t reflect those changes. To reload the environment variables into open Command Prompt and PowerShell windows execute


Install Git on Windows

If you use two-factor authentication see Create a Personal Access Token to use it as password in the command line tools at Switching to 2-factor authentication in GitHub

  1. Navigate to to download Git for Windows. The page automatically downloads the installer for the operating system you use.
  2. Install the application
  3. Accept the default values, including these:
    1. Make sure the Windows Explorer integration for Git Bash is checked.
    2. Enable the Git tools in the command prompt too
    3. HTTPS transport backend. For large corporations with internal root certificates and  Windows Active Directory, the second option may be a better choice,
    4. Line endings for Windows computers
    5. Terminal emulator
    6. Caching
    7. Finish the installation.

Configure Git for Windows

Enable Page Up and Page Down

  1. In Windows Explorer right click in the white area and select Git Bash Here,

  2. Stretch the Bash window to the full width of the page to have more room to work later,
  3. Right-click the Bash window and select Options…,
  4. On the Window tab,
    1. Click the Current size button to save the size,
    2. Select PgUp and PgDn scroll without modifier to be able to scroll quickly up and down in the window with the Page up and Page down buttons.

Set up Git Bash to always run as Administrator

Certain commands need elevated rights to run, so we will set up the Bash window to run as administrator.

  1. Click the Windows Start button and type bash
  2. Right-click the found link and select Open file location

  3. Right-click the menu shortcut and select Properties
  4. On the Compatibility tab select Run this program as administrator

Using the Bash window

  • When you will start the Git Bash window you will always get the confirmation popup.

You can start the Git Bash window from the Windows Explorer

  1. Right-click a white area in Windows Explorer and select Git Bash Here. This does not work in the shared folders of Windows 10 virtual machines.

Configure the Git command line tool

To configure Git see Git configuration.

Install Chocolatey

The Chocolatey home page is at

Install Chocolatey

Navigate to the Chocolatey website at and follow the latest instructions. At the time of writing the instructions were

Using the Command prompt

  1. Open a command prompt as Administrator,
  2. Install Chocolatey with the command
    @"%SystemRoot%\System32\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\powershell.exe" -NoProfile -InputFormat None -ExecutionPolicy Bypass -Command "iex ((New-Object System.Net.WebClient).DownloadString(''))" && SET "PATH=%PATH%;%ALLUSERSPROFILE%\chocolatey\bin"

Using PowerShell

  1. Open a PowerShell window as Administrator,
  2. Check the execution policy for your computer
    1. If the command returns Restricted, enable PowerScript execution with
      Set-ExecutionPolicy Bypass -Scope Process
    2. Answer Y to the question,
  3. Install Chocolatey with
    Set-ExecutionPolicy Bypass -Scope Process -Force; iex ((New-Object System.Net.WebClient).DownloadString(''))

Apply the Chocolatey license

  1. If the C:\ProgramData\chocolatey\license directory does not exist, create it,
  2. To place the Chocolatey license file, chocolatey.license.xml into C:\ProgramData\chocolatey\license folder follow the recommendations at …refers to a location that is unavailable
  3. Install the Chocolatey extensions
    choco upgrade chocolatey.extension -y

Ignore the error:

Error when attempting to load chocolatey licensed assembly. Ensure
that chocolatey.licensed.dll exists at
Install with `choco install chocolatey.extension`.
The error message itself may be helpful as well:
The system cannot find the file specified. (Exception from HRESULT: 0x80070002)

Determine the Windows PowerShell version

To reliably display the version of the Windows PowerShell engine

  1. Open a PowerShell command window,
  2. Execute the command,

    PS C:\WINDOWS\system32> $PSVersionTable.PSVersion

    Major Minor Build   Revision
    —–   —–   ——-  ——-
    5       1        16299  64

  3. If no value is displayed, the version is 1.0, as it does not have the referenced variable.

How to create a Docker repository in Artifactory

Artifactory supports multiple repository types, Docker is one of them. To create a new Docker repository in Artifactory

Set the Custom Base URL of the Artifactory server

From the Artifactory documentation at

“When using an HTTP proxy, the links produced by Artifactory, as well as certain redirects contain the wrong port and use the http instead of https”

  1. On the left side select Admin,
  2. Under Configuration on the General page enter the actual URL you use to access the Artifactory server and click the Save button.

Create one virtual Docker repository for all of your Docker repositories

As recommended by the Artifactory documentation at
create one virtual Docker repository to aggregate all other Docker repositories, so only this repository has to be set up on the reverse proxy server.

  1. On the left side select Admin,
  2. In the Repositories section on the Virtual page click New,
  3. Select the Docker package type,
  4. Enter a name for the repository,
  5. Command-click (CTRL-click on Windows) the configure reverse proxy link to open it in a new tab and generate the script to set up the reverse proxy server,

Create the reverse proxy script

  1. In the Configuration section on the Reverse Proxy page fill out the form. If the reverse proxy server will be installed on the Artifactory server, write localhost in the Internal Hostname field.

    If you use a load balancer in front of the Artifactory server that also contains the SSL certificate you don’t need to enable the HTTPS protocol. If you use wildcard certificate you can select the Sub Domain reverse proxy method.

Save the Virtual repository

  1. On the New Virtual repository tab click Next at the bottom of the page,
  2. The Advanced tab shows the name of the Docker Registry
  3. Click the Save & Finish button to create the repository.

Create the Docker local repository

The local Docker repository will store the Docker images

  1. On the left side select Admin,
  2. In the Repositories section on the Local page click New,
  3. Select the Docker package type,
  4. Enter a name for the repository and click Next,
  5. The Advanced tab shows the address of the repository using the reverse proxy,
  6. Click the Save & Finish button to create the repository.


How to transfer an Atlassian Confluence wiki space to another server

Confluence is one of the most popular Wikis with a great user interface. To export and transfer an Atlassian Confluence wiki to another server

  1. Log into the Atlassian Confluence wiki as an administrator,
  2. In the lower left corner click the gear icon and select Content Tools,
  3. On the Export tab select the XML radio button and click Next,
  4. Select Custom Export and click the Export button at the bottom of the page,
  5. The export process starts,
  6. Click the link to download the export file,

Atom text editor configuration

Configure Atom

Turn off auto-indent on paste to stop Atom reformatting your code.

  1. In the Atom menu select Preferences
  2. On the left side select Editor
    • Uncheck Auto Indent On Paste
    • Check Show Indent Guide
    • Set Tab Type to soft to place 2 spaces when you press the tab key

Atom language packs

Atom language packs help you with code completion.

Install language packs

  1. In the Atom menu select Preferences…
  2. On the left select Install, and type the name of the language pack into the text box and hit enter. Click the Install button to install the language pack.
    – language-chef
    – language-inspec

How to use language packs

  1. Start to type the name of the resource, and a list appears with the matching resources.
  2. Select the resource in the list with the cursor keys and press tab to insert the code snippet
  3. Make the appropriate changes to customize the resource.


Deploy a WAR file of a Java web application on the Apache Tomcat web server

There are two ways to deploy a WAR file of a Java web application on the Apache Tomcat web server

Using the command line

  1. Copy the WAR file into the webapps folder of the Tomcat installation directory,
  2. Make sure the CATALINA_HOME environment variable points to the Tomcat directory (not the bin subdirectry)
  3. Open a Terminal window or Command Prompt,
  4. Navigate to the bin directory of the Tomcat web server installation directory,
  5. Execute
  6. Tomcat will unzip the war file into a directory named after the WAR file and display the message similar to this.

    C:\Program Files\apache-tomcat-8.5.23\bin>startup
    Using CATALINA_BASE: “C:\Program Files\apache-tomcat-8.5.23”
    Using CATALINA_HOME: “C:\Program Files\apache-tomcat-8.5.23”
    Using CATALINA_TMPDIR: “C:\Program Files\apache-tomcat-8.5.23\temp”
    Using JRE_HOME: “C:\Program Files\Java\jre-9.0.1”
    Using CLASSPATH: “C:\Program Files\apache-tomcat-8.5.23\bin\bootstrap.jar;C:\Program Files\apache-tomcat-8.5.23\bin\tomcat-juli.jar”C:\Program Files\apache-tomcat-8.5.23\bin>

Using the Tomcat user interface

  1. Remote into the web server,
  2. Copy the WAR file to a temp directory,
  3. Open the Tomcat web user interface at http://localhost:8080/manager
  4. Log in with the credentials specified for the manager-gui role in the tomcat-users.xml file of the conf Tomcat folder,
  5. In WAR file to deploy section click the Choose File button and select the WAR file,
  6. Click the Deploy button,
  7. Tomcat will unzip the war file into a directory named after the WAR file in the webapps folder of the Tomcat installation directory.

Tomcat web server configuration

When you install the Apache Tomcat web server there are some configuration settings you need to make to be able to administer and use it.

Administrator user accounts

When you install the Apache Tomcat web server there is no admin user account specified, so nobody can log into the admin web user interface. To add an admin user account

  1. Remote into the web server
  2. Open the Tomcat user configuration file at
    1. On Linux at $TOMCAT_HOME/conf/tomcat-users.xml
    2. On Windows at C:\Program Files\apache-tomcat-…\conf\tomcat-users.xml
  3. Add an admin user
      <role rolename="tomcat"/>
      <role rolename="role1"/>
      <user username="tomcat" password="tomcat" roles="tomcat"/>
      <user username="both" password="tomcat" roles="tomcat,role1"/>
      <user username="role1" password="tomcat" roles="role1"/>
    	<role rolename="manager-gui"/>
    	<user username="admin" password="admin" roles="manager-gui"/>
  4. Restart the Tomcat service for the change to take effect.


With the default settings, Tomcat is accessible on port 8080. To be able to use the web applications served by Tomcat, open port 8080 on the local firewall.