You must specify a region. You can also configure your region by running “aws configure”.

When we execute an AWS CLI command, we need to supply the AWS Region. If it is not specified, we get the error message:

You must specify a region. You can also configure your region by running “aws configure”.

We can add the region with the –region command line argument, or store it in the ~/.aws/config file.

The format of the ~/.aws/credentials file is

aws_access_key_id = …
aws_secret_access_key = …

aws_access_key_id = …
aws_secret_access_key = …

The format of the ~/.aws/config file is the following. Make sure to add the word “profile” within the square brackets for every profile you specified in the credentials file, except for the “default” one!!!

region = us-east-1
output = json

[profile my-account]
region = us-east-1
output = json

x509: certificate signed by unknown authority

I have built a Docker container with a Go application that used the Go AWS SDK. When my program tried to access an S3 bucket I got the error message

RequestError: send request failed
caused by: Get x509: certificate signed by unknown authority

To solve the problem I had to add the following line to the Dockerfile

On Ubuntu

RUN apt ca-certificates && rm -rf /var/cache/apk/*

On Alpine

RUN apk update && apk add ca-certificates && rm -rf /var/cache/apk/* 

Docker for Windows cannot start: “Hardware assisted virtualization and data execution protection must be enabled in the BIOS”

To start Docker on Windows, Hyper-V and the Hypervisor has to be enabled on Windows.

  1. Start a PowerShell window as administrator
  2. Enable Hyper-V
    dism.exe /Online /Enable-Feature:Microsoft-Hyper-V /All
  3. Enable the Hypervisor
    bcdedit /set hypervisorlaunchtype auto
  4. Restart the computer

List the Active Directory groups the user is a member of

To list the Active Directory groups where the current user is a member, execute in the PowerShell window

(New-Object System.DirectoryServices.DirectorySearcher("(&(objectCategory=User)(samAccountName=$($env:username)))")).FindOne().GetDirectoryEntry().memberOf

To get the Active Directory groups for another user, replace THE_USER_NAME with the Active directory user name of the person.

(New-Object System.DirectoryServices.DirectorySearcher("(&(objectCategory=User)(samAccountName=THE_USER_NAME))")).FindOne().GetDirectoryEntry().memberOf

Debugging Go programs in Atom

To be able to debug Go programs in Atom, make sure the Go IDE is installed. See Install the Go IDE at Install and set up Go

To start debugging select the Debugger tab in the upper right corner of Atom

If you get the error message: The debugger is not attached, and when you click Attach debugger you get the error message: No debuggers installed, look for available debuggers on

Check if the go-debug Atom package is installed

  • Open the Settings page from the File menu
  • Select Install on the left side
  • Search for go-debug
  • If the package is not installed, click the Install button

If you still get the same error message, download the go-delve package.

  • In the terminal window execute
    go get -u
  • Restart Atom for the change to take effect.

 To debug your Go application

  • Click the Debugger tab in the upper right corner, and select the Debug config
  • To set a breakpoint, click the line in the program and press the F9 key. A red circle appears on the margin. 
  • The breakpoint appears on the right side of the screen too
  • Press F5 to run the application in the debugger
  • When the breakpoint is hit the toolbar on the right side shows the Stacktrace and the Variables. Click the arrow to open the section.
  • Click the arrow next to the variable name to show more details

Using Go packages

To use a public package in your Go application add the line to the top of your program to import the package

import ""

If this is the first time you are using the package, the error message appears in the output window of Atom when you save the file

cannot find package “” in any of:

C:\Go\src\\aws\aws-sdk-go\service\s3 (from $GOROOT) C:\Users\MY_USERNAME\go\src\\aws\aws-sdk-go\service\s3 (from $GOPATH)

Open a terminal window and execute the command to download the package

go get


Your first Go application

Programming in GO is quick and fun. You can write a working, compiled application with a few lines of code.

Write your first Go application

  • Create a directory of your application, let’s call it my-app
  • Open a terminal window in the my-app directory
  • To create two sub-directories, execute
    mkdir cmd
    mkdir pkg
  • Start the Atom text editor in the my-app directory with the command (include a dot at the end of the command)
    atom .
  • In Atom right-click the cmd directory and select New File
  • Name the file my-app.go

  • Copy the following code into the file
    package main

    import "fmt"

    func main() {
    fmt.Println("Hello World!!!")
  • Save the file
  • To run the application execute the command in the terminal window
    go run cmd/my-app.go
  • The output should be
    Hello World!!!

Create a Git repository

  • Create a Git repository for the application and push the code to GitHub

Create a module for your application

In the main directory of your application execute

go mod init


Set directory access in Windows

When you use SetAccessRule() to set access rights on a Windows directory, the user who will get the permission has to be a member of the Administrators group. If the user is not a member of the Administrators group PowerShell shows the error message

Exception calling “SetAccessRule” with “1” argument(s): “Some or all identity references could not be translated.”